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Your position: Home > News > Industry News > China's new photovoltaic policy is about to be introduced in 2019

China's new photovoltaic policy is about to be introduced in 2019

the Internet 2019-02-22 17:29:45
On February 19, 2019, the Chinese National Lantern Festival, the National Energy Administration, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance organized a symposium on "2019 Photovoltaic Power Generation Construction Management". The industry associations, capital markets, and securities institutions participated in the talks. And the media. Before the forum for soliciting opinions, many rounds of opinions for enterprises and experts were held intensively around the Spring Festival in 2019. As an industry organization, along with four brother associations, the China Renewable Energy Society Photovoltaic Special Committee has experienced all the New Deal hearings, opinions collection, summary and reporting suggestions from the beginning of 2018 to the present, and many suggestions have been put forward. Adopted by the decision-making department, it also witnessed the entire process of reform and transformation of China's photovoltaic era toward parity. This meeting will be an accelerated sprint before the new policy is about to be introduced in 2019. The government, industry, capital, media and other forces are all in the air, calmly preparing, and preparing for the "steady progress" in 2019, In order to reform the favorable 2019, the curtain will be unveiled. The spirit and information of the relevant conferences will be collated and shared with the industry colleagues.

The meeting focused on the 2019 PV price and construction scale. The old method of management of the former PV market was to “fix the scale and sub-indicators”. From the beginning of this year, under the guidance of the energy-proportion-constrained conditions and the adjustment of the overall goal of the “13th Five-Year Plan”, the financial Under the plate of the collection, more market competition allocation and bidding methods are used, and the market determines the scale of construction. This is a major reform. China's photovoltaic industry is maturing, moving toward independence and moving toward strength.


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The "overall plan" of PV policy in 2019 can be summarized into four points: First, market-oriented, market-oriented government management, no longer specify the scale as before; Second, competition allocation, subsidies determine project owners and electricity price levels through competitive allocation and national bidding Third, the classification policy, according to poverty alleviation, household use, general power stations, industrial and commercial distribution, national special demonstration and cross-provincial channel project five types of projects management; new and old projects differentiate management, such as the original fixed UHV delivery The scale of the project will remain unchanged. The new project will adopt the new method to bid for the scale and the owner; Fourth, steady progress, on the basis of the market scale in 2018, steady growth will be carried out to ensure the sustainable and healthy development of the industry and the market.

In 2019, the PV policy was promoted through the "three actions". In short, it was "stable, turning, and reforming": one stabilized and stabilized the market and stabilized expectations; the second turned, and then expanded the scale to improve quality and efficiency; Mechanism change policy.

In 2019, the implementation of PV policy needs to take into account "several subjects and constraints": First, take into account the size of the national financial subsidies; Second, the price of the National Development and Reform Commission to set the upper limit of electricity prices, the upper limit of bidding prices, the National Energy Administration to develop competition rules, local energy The competent department organizes the project and the enterprise to develop the subsidy intensity by itself, and determines the winning bidder and the bidding price (similar to the collective bidding) through the ranking of the declining quota in the national bidding. Third, the subsidy and construction scale are determined by the market, which means that the average subsidy level is low. The scale of construction is large; Fourth, the upper limit of consumption is determined by the grid, which means that the declaration and the bid-winning project need to be confirmed by the grid.

In 2019, the photovoltaic market needs to coordinate three aspects: one, with the relationship of grid consumption, can no longer generate new light and power cuts; second, the relationship with energy transformation goals, to ensure market size and industry stability and China's medium and long-term new energy The realization of the target; the relationship between the three and the financial subsidy strength, can not go on the side of the development of the old debt.

Under the guidance of the above principles, there are some specific and detailed issues of implementation, and the pace solution is being accelerated. For the fate of China's PV in 2019, the biggest advantage is to eliminate the uncertainty of the policy, widely recognize and form a consensus. , early and clear policy. I am very pleased that in March, we will welcome the policy we are looking forward to with Spring News, which is full of spring and earth. As an industry organization, in the next phase of the promotion work, in addition to supporting policy research and collecting industry feedback, there are more analytical work to help the industry fully understand the new situation in the reform process, help the industry not to mislead, not misunderstand, not Misjudged and grow together. The presentations from several ministries are organized as follows:

First of all, the New Deal (discussion draft) on February 19 is mainly introduced from six aspects:

1. General idea: In 2019, the PV market is divided into subsidized market and non-subsidized market. Unsubsidized parity projects are implemented according to Document No. 19 of January 18. In the subsidized market, bidding is implemented through market mechanisms to determine the project. The important change is that there will be no concept of “construction scale indicator management” from now on.

2. Optimize subsidy management: Implement classified management in accordance with poverty alleviation, household use, general power stations, industrial and commercial distribution, national special demonstrations, and cross-provincial channel projects. Among them, the photovoltaic poverty alleviation project is implemented in accordance with the original policy; the household photovoltaic dicing block is managed separately with a fixed amount of 0.18 yuan; the other categories are determined according to the methods of local bidding, competitive allocation, and national sorting.

3. Supporting household use: In addition to separately managing the fixed amount of subsidies (the PV Special Committee has proposed a fixed subsidy quota for the Suggested Opinions on PV Benchmarking Price for 2019 on January 22), the new household registration is completed and completed within the year. From the date of the network, the start time of the subsidy; for the remaining problems after 531, if the grid has been built but not included in the subsidy, it can be reported to the local grid after the release of the New Deal. After the joint review, the audit time and the new subsidy intensity will be followed. After entering the subsidy (after the retreat), this part will also be included in this year's household platter management total plate. In addition, for the quality and safety of household PV, the Energy Bureau will increase standards construction and supervision.

4. Other projects: Fully implement the market allocation, and determine the project according to the owner's declaration, local organization, consumption guarantee, determination of the upper limit, bidding and bidding, and prioritization. In the competition configuration rules, we will focus on the full competition of factors such as technology, environment, safety and quality. The project bidding will be under the price ceiling (ceiling), local organization project declaration and competitive bidding, the electricity price quotation (the existing version is united, the proposal is more precise), confirm the connection network, land, construction period and other information. The comprehensive list is submitted to the National Energy Administration for sorting from high to low until the scale limit is used, and the project formula is released.

5. Relevant points: Maintain effective connection with current policies, such as prohibiting the construction of first-come-first-served and Tibet self-management; in the national ranking, the market monitoring environment of each province and region (the red area principle does not arrange new projects, orange areas, reasonable adjustment projects, Green area orderly promotion project) This comprehensive evaluation index is very important, including whether the non-technical factors of the provinces and regions are healthy, such as land, business environment, consumption conditions, project progress, etc.; the deadline for completion is determined, but the bid is overdue. Construction projects, there are corresponding punitive measures, on the one hand, a quarter of a quarter of the decline, on the other hand, after two months of overdue, it is considered as abandonment, and as a local market environmental monitoring indicators, affecting the subsequent local red orange green color evaluation.

6. Connection problems between new and old projects: It is not clear that the owners will implement the new methods according to the tendering. For the self-built self-built distributed industrial and commercial roofs and ground power stations that have already carried out preliminary work, after the local government confirms, they may not conduct bidding. Participate in subsidy bidding.


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Second, the electricity price policy and the latest situation:

1. After several rounds of solicitation of opinions, the PV price policy in 2019 continued to adjust. The work that is being prepared recently is to study the average cost of the industry, the reasonable rate of return, and determine the guidance on the bid price ceiling through the corresponding mechanism.

2. Firstly, the distribution price is divided between household and industrial and commercial. The fixed electricity price of households is unchanged in 2019, involving hundreds of thousands of users, and on the demand side, whether it is for self-use or full-time Internet access, one year is used. The price of 0.18 is conducive to the clear and stable understanding and judgment of the people's livelihood; the distributed self-sufficiency of industrial and commercial use of electricity and electricity, according to the full power subsidy of 0.10, after the third quarter after the quarterly decline of a penny, the full amount of Internet projects will be more economical The less the number is, the higher the benchmark price of the location; the poverty alleviation project will be unchanged according to the price of 0.65, 0.75, and 0.85; the 0.40, 0.45, and 0.55 of the three types of concentrated ground power stations will be refunded by one quarter per quarter;

Again, the discussion and progress on some specific and new issues are as follows:

1. Regarding the total construction scale and management of the block in 2019?

How to ensure the market size in 2019? How to cut the block? Cut the size of the block? Cut the block process? How big is the household plate? Do you want to manage the business separately? Under the strength, how to use the fixed amount, set the amount to use the scale? Proposed poverty alleviation, household use, industry and commerce, front-runners, national demonstration projects, after the scale of the ground power station digested by bidding, continue to replenish the distributed The dynamic scale management approach is being further studied, and the industry associations are also supporting research, providing solutions, and forming a consensus on direction and ideas as soon as possible.

2. Do you want to participate in the bidding for the industrial and commercial distributed projects?

For industrial and commercial distributed projects, there are a large number, small capacity, large differences in electricity prices, high complexity, and subsequent links with the sale of electricity across the wall. Do you want to manage separately as the households do not participate in the bidding? If the problem of how big the block is, it becomes the focus of several comments for comment, there is no consensus, and the follow-up study is clear.

3. What is the starting time of the first round of bidding this year and the subsequent price reversal and construction cycle?

According to the current progress, the new policy will be issued at the end of March at the latest, and the first round of bidding will be carried out from April to May. The implementation of the quarterly retreat will also be postponed accordingly (it is unreasonable that the bidding has not been started in the second quarter). According to the suggestion that this year's quarterly price reversal will begin in the third quarter, which means that there will be two rounds of decline this year.

According to the recent comments, it is proposed that “the second half of the set bidding project will leave the construction time for the owners. If it is not completed on time before the end of this year, it will be connected to the grid in the first quarter of 2020, and the first quarter of the extension will still follow one point. The money has retreated, and more than one quarter has been flat and excessive. In the second quarter of 2020, it was implemented in accordance with the overdue punishment measures. It was also approved by the competent authorities, and the specific policies were adopted.

Finally, according to the minutes of the meeting, there may be omissions. I hope you can forgive me. The above is still a process document. It has not been finalized and published. It is only for personal sharing, for everyone to understand and participate in the policy formation process. Finally, the management method is to officially release the policy document. As a matter of course, everyone is welcome to continue to communicate with the PV Special Committee and actively feedback and participate.

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