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Three parties work together to remove obstacles to PV development

  • Source:the Internet
  • Release on :2019-03-19

In order to achieve high quality development, the photovoltaic industry must accelerate the elimination of some evils. These evils have become an obstacle to the long-term health of the photovoltaic industry. After all, how to eliminate the obstacles of long-term health development of the photovoltaic industry, some of the propositions of PV professional practitioners may provide a little reference for the policy resolution plan.

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Photoelectric consumption demand

Photovoltaic power generation is a systemic problem that touches on many aspects such as power supply, power grid, power load and power usage. Accelerating the processing of solar photovoltaic power generation has always been the focus of the profession. From the point of view of the enterprise, where is the difficulty in the consumption of photovoltaic power generation? What should be dealt with?

Gan Shengquan, president and CEO of Saiwei Solar Technology Group, said that the combination of demand policy, enterprise and user should be handled. First of all, before the era of affordable Internet access, the demand policy is greatly boosted. The policy of the company encourages photovoltaic power generation enterprises to increase technological progress and continue to reduce the cost of power generation, so that power generation enterprises, power grid enterprises and power users feel that “selling is favorable” and “buy is cost-effective”. "Affordable use", the three parties win-win; the policy encourages the grid companies to actively build smart grids, transform the power system, to get used to the large-scale planning of photovoltaic power generation; quickly introduce renewable power quota guidelines, clear photovoltaic power shopping malls and consumption ratio, etc. .

"One is the problem that clean power is represented by photovoltaics. The resources and demand are reversely dispersed. The large-scale planned power station construction generally requires a wide range of land resources, and the urban area with electricity load is more suitable for small power station projects. Construction is difficult to plan and build; second, the rapid development of clean power is not matched with the growth rate of electricity consumption in recent years. In recent years, under the active support of the national policy, the overall installed capacity of clean power, especially wind power and photovoltaic power generation, has remained relatively fast. The growth rate far exceeds the growth rate of electricity consumption in the whole society. The supply and demand mismatch problem has caused a large pressure of consumption. Third, the output of wind power and photovoltaic power generation is affected by natural conditions, and there is relatively large volatility. After the network, it has brought great challenges to the dispatching operation of the power system. At present, China's power system is not completely accustomed to the access of such a new wave of planning volatility," said Cai Jibo, general manager of Sumeda Group.

Cai Jibo advocates that in order to summarize the above factors, it is necessary to strengthen the construction of power grid infrastructure and improve the power output of power stations away from urban areas. On the other hand, improve the clean power consumption and regulation capability of the system, and strengthen various power generation characteristics according to different clean power. The complement of clean power; on the consumer side, encourage the use of clean power to increase the penetration rate of clean power.

Cai Jibo said that as far as enterprises are concerned, it should rely mainly on technological progress to promote the decline of photovoltaic power generation costs, so that users are willing to consume and consume; the same technology advances to improve the power guessing level of photovoltaic power generation, and optimize the dispatching operation method for dispatching organizations. Guarantee. Power users should also establish a green consumption concept and prioritize active consumption of photovoltaic power to contribute to the contribution of social citizens to photovoltaic power generation and energy conservation.  

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Multi-channel treatment of subsidies and tax burdens

With the continuous addition of renewable power generation installation plans and the lack of full-scale tariffs for some links, the gap in renewable power subsidies continues to increase. According to the China Photovoltaic Professional Association, the renewable energy subsidy gap in China exceeded 140 billion yuan in 2018, and the PV occupation gap exceeded 60 billion yuan. The huge gap in subsidy funds and the untimely allocation of funds have severely restricted the further development of industry and seriously affected the survival and development of power station investors.

Nan Cunhui, vice chairman of the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce and chairman of the Zhengtai Group, believes that the national subsidy catalogue recognition cycle and the issuance cycle are lengthy and the reporting process is cumbersome. The time from filing to funding has been extended for a year or more, which has aggravated the problem of arrears. The 7th batch of renewable power subsidies only includes photovoltaic power generation projects connected to the grid before the end of March 2016, and the current subsidy funds have not yet been put in place, which has seriously caused the funding shortage of the project power station operators. After the "531 Policy" in 2018, the PV project has entered a new stage of no subsidy or subsidized additional PV installed capacity. The new project will not add a subsidy gap, thus requiring the state to handle the historical subsidy at one time.

Nan Cunhui advocates simplifying the application of levy and subsidy for renewable power tariffs, reviewing and approving methods, shortening the subsidy issuance cycle, and eliminating various taxes and fees attached to the process of collection and distribution of renewable power tariffs to truly reduce the enterprises. The burden. Quickly introduce the renewable power quota guidelines, establish a green card store, and launch a green power certificate mandatory constraint transaction. Improve the regulation of renewable power subsidy funds, increase the intensity of collection, and compensate for the funding gap. Introduce the supporting policy, encourage enterprises with large installed capacity to issue green debts, and carry out asset securitization treatment on arrears subsidies to reduce corporate financial pressure. The Ministry of Finance issues subsidized government bonds, which can not only address the source of subsidy funds, but also improve the credit rating of financial institutions on the photovoltaic industry, and drive more funds to deal with the problem of subsidy arrears.

Chen Kangping, CEO of Jingke Power, believes that while fully exploiting the existing policy potential, appropriately improving the existing renewable power additional collection regulations, and strengthening the supervision of renewable power tariffs in the process of collection and use, the existing subsidies are adjusted. The proportion of structure promotes the development of multiple dynamic balances. It is recommended that the Ministry of Finance introduce a supporting policy and increase efforts to pay the accumulated subsidies.

Chen Kangping advocated reducing the above-mentioned additional subsidies for coal-fired power generation enterprises, and changed the related funds to support the development of renewable power generation industry and compensate for the lack of supporting funds such as renewable power tariff subsidies. In addition, it is also necessary to increase the additional levy regulations for renewable power prices and ensure that all electricity is fully levied.

In terms of reducing the tax burden of photovoltaic power generation enterprises, Liu Hanyuan, chairman of the Board of Directors of Tongwei Group, believes that the current on-grid electricity price combined with the data of photovoltaic power generation projects is evenly measured, and the value-added tax paid by enterprises is 6 to 8 points. After the enterprise obtains the loan, the interest that is a large proportion of the capital cannot be deducted from the value-added tax. It is advocated to refer to the VAT payment policy for small hydropower projects, and to include photovoltaic power generation projects in accordance with the simple taxation scale of 3%.

Nan Cunhui advocated that the document “Responding to Reducing the Taxes and Fees of Enterprises in the Field of Renewable Power” should be issued quickly. Perhaps according to the current preferential land use tax policy of the country, combined with the practice of photovoltaic array enterprises in photovoltaic power generation enterprises, hurry. Clear guidelines for clear PV arrays.





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